The derivative of a function tells you the slope or rate of change of the function. It's a big deal. Here are a few of the ways that the TI-89 can calculate derivatives for you.
Sometimes you are given a function and need to find the derivative of this function. For this, you need to use the TI-89's "d) differentiate" function.
You can access the differentiation function from the Calc menu or from . | |
The syntax of the function is "d(function, variable)." For example, if y = x^{3} - 2x + 4, the derivative of y with respect to x can be found as in the screen shot at right. | |
The solution to the problem "If x = 4t^{2} +1/t, find the derivative of x with respect to t" is shown at right. |
Sometimes you just need to know the value of the derivative of a function (the slope of the function's graph) at a particular point. There are a few ways to get this done. Suppose, for instance, that you want to know the slope of the graph of y = 0.4x^{2} + 1 at the point where x = 3. Here are some methods:
You could use the "d) differentiate" function along with the "|" operator. A possible advantage of this approach is that this function will try to return an exact value if possible. | |
If you graph the function, you can use "6: Derivatives" from the Math menu. Select "1: dy/dx" from the submenu, and then indicate the desired point either by typing it and pressing , or using the blue arrow keys to move the cursor and then press . | |
The result of using "6: Derivatives is shown at right. Be aware that the result of this function is always a decimal approximation. | |
Alternatively, if you graph the function you can use "A: Tangent" from the Math menu. Select the desired point either by typing it and pressing , or using the blue arrow keys to move the cursor and then press . | |
The result of using "A: Tangent" is shown at right. Notice that this function draws the tangent line and gives its (approximate) equation. |