[Animated version of this page]

As the number of plane mirrors increases in this array, the mirrors approximate the parabola more and more closely, and the beam focuses into a smaller and smaller area. For a perfectly-smooth parabolic mirror, the beam will be reflected through a single point, called the focus of the mirror.

Notice that the cross-section of this parabolic mirror is almost perfectly circular near the center (the axis of the mirror) but "flattens out" far from the center. This means that a parabolic mirror can be approximated by a circular mirror as long as the objects reflected in the mirror are small compared to the size of the mirror. This is an important observation, since spherical (a 3D circle) mirrors are easier and cheaper to construct that parabolic mirrors. It is also easier to draw a circle than a parabola for a ray diagram!

[Animated version of this page]

last update September 20, 1999 by JL Stanbrough